Bibliography


ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR PLAR



PLAR and the Military

American Council on Education. (1990) The 1990 Guide to the Evaluation of Educational Experiences in the Armed Services. (1) Army Courses. (2) Army MOS's. (3) Navy. (4) Air Force, Coast Guard, Department of Defense, Marine Corps. Washington, D.C., Department of Defense. 

2,465 pages. Document Type: directory. This four-part guide describes how service members can receive college credits for their military training and experience. Each volume provides instructions for finding and using exhibits and recommendations, as well as information on awarding credit for extra-institutional learning, transfer and award of credit, and a model policy on awarding such credit. Volume 1 contains recommendations for formal courses offered by the Army, Army Reserve, and Army National Guard. Each course exhibit has these components: identification number; military course number with course version numbers and titles; location; length; exhibit dates; learning outcomes; instruction; credit recommendation; and related occupational codes. Volume 2 contains recommendations for Army enlisted and warrant officer military occupational specialties (MOS). Each MOS exhibit has these components: identification number; title and MOS designation; career management field; description; and recommendation. Volumes 3 and 4 contain recommendations for formal courses offered by the Navy and by the Air Force, Coast Guard, Marine Corps, and Department of Defense, respectively. Each course exhibit has the same components as those for courses in Volume 1. Coast Guard Rating exhibits, Coast Guard Warrant Officer exhibits, and Marine Corps exhibits have generally the same components as those in Volume 2. Appendixes to the volumes may contain a keyword index, course number index, occupational title indexes, and sample military records. Descriptors: Armed Forces; College Credits; Educational Assessment; Educational Experience; Enlisted Personnel; Experiential Learning; Higher Education; Military Service; Military Training; Postsecondary Education; Prior Learning; Work Experience. Identifiers: Air Force; Army; Coast Guard; Department of Defense; Marine Corps; Navy. ISBN: 0-02-897522-7; 0-02-897523-5; 0-02-897524-3; 0-02-897525-1.

Anderson, Clinton L., and Steve F. Kime. (October 1996) "Some Major Contributions of the Military to the Field of Adult and Continuing Education in the United States (A Work in Progress)." Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Adult and Continuing Education, Charlotte, NC, October 31.

Document Type: position paper; conference paper. 34 pages. The U.S. military has made numerous important contributions to the development of adult and continuing education. As in civilian adult education, military innovations in education have consistently used workplace learning. The educational benefits produced by the GI Bill democratized education by exploding the myth that "common" people did not belong in college and by serving as a model for employer-supported human development through education. The military pioneered the use of standardized testing for screening purposes and has developed batteries of tests for screening vocational aptitude and basic academic skills. The General Educational Development testing program, which grew out of the military's extensive experience with testing, is now recognized by employers and institutions of higher learning nationwide. Other areas where the military has made major contributions to the fields of adult and continuing education include the following: documentation/recognition of learning acquired outside the classroom and integration of learning in traditional degree programs; distance education; off-campus college programs; instructional systems development; competency-based education; articulation of civilian and military education through the Service members Opportunities Colleges program; advanced instructional technologies; and program evaluation. (Appended are excepts from the 1947 publication, "The Armed Services and Adult Education" by Cyril O. Houle et al.) Descriptors: Adult Education; Adult Literacy; Articulation (Education); Competency Based Education; Consortia; Continuing Education; Distance Education; Educational Practices; Educational Technology; Experiential Learning; Extension Education; High School Equivalency Programs; Instructional Systems; Literacy Education; Military Personnel; Military Training; Networks; Partnerships in Education; Prior Learning; Program Effectiveness; Program Evaluation; Standardized Tests; Student Financial Aid; Systems Approach; Tuition Grants; Veterans Education; Work Experience Programs. Identifiers: General Educational Development Tests; G I Bill; Service members Opportunity Colleges Program.

Palmer, James C., and Meredith J. Ludwig. (Summer 1991) "How Do Colleges and Universities Assess the Education and Training of Military Service Personnel?" College and University 66(4), 213-22.

Document Type: journal article; research report. Target Audience: Administrators; Practitioners. In a study of the ways colleges and universities regard prior learning of military service members who apply for admission to undergraduate degree programs, 66 colleges evaluated prototype transcripts and assessed problems in awarding degree credit. A number of problems are seen as needing to be addressed by both schools and the military. Descriptors: Admission Criteria; College Administration; College Admission; College Credits; Degree Requirements; Higher Education; Military Personnel; National Surveys; On the Job Training; Prior Learning; Student Attitudes; Student Records; Undergraduate Study. ISSN: 0010-0889.

Rose, Amy D. (Fall 1991) "Preparing for Veterans: Higher Education and the Efforts to Accredit the Learning of World War II Servicemen and Women." Adult Education Quarterly 42(1), 30-45.

Document Type: journal article; historical material. The influx of veterans into higher education after World War II led to the development of a monumental system for testing and evaluation of prior learning through military service. The assumptions of the process continue to have implications for the assessment of adult life experience and its integration in college curricula. Descriptors: Adult Education; College Credits; Educational Assessment; Evaluation Methods; Experiential Learning; Higher Education; Military Service; Prior Learning; Testing Programs; Veterans. Identifiers: American Council on Education; Armed Forces Institute WI; General Educational Development Tests. ISSN: 0001-8481.
 

Spille, Henry. (1980) "Credit for Learning Gained in Military Service or Employment." New Directions for Experiential Learning 7, 15-28.

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